The Treasure of the Golden Horde
3:Solkhat. Italians in the Crimea

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Objects of urban culture belonging to the late Golden Horde period (last third of the 14th century and first half of the 15th) are chiefly represented by elements of belt sets and small individual items of jewellery produced both for a specific client and for general sale. This section consists of several interconnected groups of artefacts, which display the influence of the craft traditions of Muslim and Christian Anatolia, Byzantium, Syria, Iran and Mameluke Egypt on the one hand, and Latin Christendom on the other. For the most part, the bulk of the items of urban culture are associated with the local craftsmen of the Golden Horde territory adjacent to the Black Sea, although with time the new style also affected the jeweller's art as practised in the capitals on the Volga. Among the pieces associated with the Latin tradition there are interesting belt sets in which we can detect the craft traditions of Venice, Liguria and, possibly, Lombardy.

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